Hi everyone! This is the second installment of our six-part blog series highlighting each aspect of The Six Principal Skin Care Steps in an effective daily routine. The series features the following:
1. Facial Cleansers, 2. Exfoliants & Masks, 3. Toners, 4. Special Serums & Gels, 5. Moisturizers, 6. Sun Protection.
Regular face exfoliation is key to healthy, smooth, and glowing skin. Piled up dead skin cells are problematic for all skin types and ages. They leave skin dull, rough, dry, and congested, rendering the skin vulnerable to blemishes and premature signs of aging: The skin loses its glow and fine lines and wrinkles appear more prominent. Sun damaged, pigmented skin looks darker with dead cells.
Benefits of exfoliation:
· Minimizes oiliness and impurities
· Improves skin color and texture
· Allows deeper penetration of products and active ingredients
· Lines and wrinkles appear softer
· Skin looks radiant, glowing, and toned
How to exfoliate for your skin type:
Normal skin can tolerate a variety of exfoliants. Normal skin will benefit with a combination of lactic acid and enzymatic exfoliants.
These types of skin must avoid strong exfoliants, including glycolic acid. Gentle physical exfoliants and enzymes will help to digest dead cells and give a radiant glow to your skin.
Oily and Acne-Prone Skin
Exfoliation is must in order to decongest clogged pores and control oil production. Use an effective but gentle exfoliant. Large granules, as in many scrubs can tear the skin and lead to infection. A combination of enzymes and physical exfoliants will remove deaf skin cells and impurities from the skin. Salicylic and glycolic acids are beneficial for this type of skin.
With age, cell turnover slows down, causing flakiness and dullness. The skin feels rough and dry, uneven skin tone appears darker, and wrinkles become more prominent. Add retinol to your nightly routine to speed cell turn over and increase collagen.
Did You Know?
In the era of the ancient Egyptians they exfoliated the skin using abrasive tapes made from alabaster, honey, and sour milk. They then further abraded the skin with finely ground sand to keep it silky smooth.
Common types of exfoliants:
• AHA (alpha-hydroxy acids): Lactic, glycolic and fruit acids;
• BHA (beta-hydroxy acids): Salicylic acids;
• Proteolytic enzymes.
AHAs are the strongest of the three main ingredients found in exfoliants. AHAs along with BHAs act to break down the bonds of the dead skin. Once these bonds are broken, dead skin will be evenly removed leaving the new smoother more youthful skin. The predominant difference between AHAs and BHAs are that AHAs are water soluble, whereas BHAs are oil soluble. Our Age Defiance Lac-Tone Exfoliating Gel uses lactic acid as the AHA to help rejuvenate your skin without being harsh or drying. Additionally, it helps reduce the look of fine lines, uneven skin tone, and smoothens skin texture.
BHAs are predominantly for sensitive skin. Effective in calming redness and inflammation BHAs go deeper into pores, and remove excess sebum. However, BHAs are not as effective as AHAs in reducing the appearance of sun damage or wrinkles. BHAs are great for acne prone skin, and are a common ingredient in our Purify Solutions products such as Blemish Control Treatment.
Enzymes are catalysts in chemical reactions; this means they can speed up a process without being consumed themselves. In skin care, enzymes are sometimes used in exfoliants and anti-inflammatory products. When enzymes are found in exfoliants (sometimes referred to as scrubs), they tend to appear in the type that include manual exfoliating grains such as sand, and plastic beads (now outlawed). Marianna’s Botanical Enzymatic Exfoliant uses papaya and pineapple enzymes to digest old skin cells, and ground bamboo to aid in the gentle polishing of your face, leaving your skin smooth and glowing.